District Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar was carved out of Hoshiarpur (Tehsil Balachaur) and Jalandhar (Tehsil Nawanshahr) districts of Punjab on November 7, 1995 on the auspicious occasion of birthday of Sh. Guru Nanak Dev Ji as the sixteenth district of Punjab State.  This district was previously named as Nawanshahr. Hon'ble Chief Minister, Punjab S. Parkash Singh Badal renamed the district as ‘Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar’ on 29.09.2008. Shahid-e-Azam Sardar Bhagat Singh’ s native village lies in this district.
The district headquarter town Nawanshahr is said to have been built during the reign of Alaudin Khilji (1295-1316) by his Afgan Military Chief Nausher Khan. Previously it was called "Nausar" but with the passage of time, the town came to be known "Nawanshahr".Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar district lies in the north-eastern region of Punjab and is situated between 31.8° N and 76.7°E of Punjab on the right bank of mighty river Sutlej. The Distance of the State capital Chandigarh (Known as the most beautiful and planned city of India) from the district is 92 Kilometers.Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar District is surrounded by four districts. The west border of the district touches Jalandhar, east border touches with Rupnagar district, the northern border of the district meets with district Hoshiarpur and in south it touches with Ludhiana (known as the Manchester of India) and Kapurthala districts. The district is geographically divided into three regions viz., Bet, Kandi and Dhahan. There are 472 villages in the district. The district has 2 Tehsils namely Balachaur and Nawanshahr,